Kyphosis has several treatment options ranging from conservative non-surgical methods to surgical correction of the spine.
Conservative treatment is most often the first choice and includes medications, exercises, casting, and bracing for the spine. Physical therapy exercises and rehabilitation programs can help to increase strength and mobility leading to some relief of pain. In cases where the kyphosis is a result of osteoporosis, the primary goal is to slow the progression of osteoporosis through the intake of vitamin D, calcium supplements, hormone replacement therapy, and/or regular exercises.
Surgery is only considered in cases that are severe or unresponsive to other treatment methods where potential benefits outweigh the risks. The goal of surgery is to straighten the spine by fusing the vertebrae to form a solid bone reducing the deformity.