Spinal compression fractures occur when the normal vertebral body of the spine is squeezed or compressed. The bone collapses when too much pressure is placed on the vertebrae possibly resulting in pain, limited mobility, loss of height, and spinal deformities. In cases of severe compression fractures the vertebral body is pushed into the spinal canal which applies pressure to the spinal cord and nerves.
Spinal compression fractures can result from a spine that has been weakened by osteogenesis imperfecta, osteoporosis, tumor, or trauma.
Children may experience severe pain in the back which worsens when standing or walking and decreases when resting. Other symptoms include weakness and numbness in the affected areas, limited spinal mobility, loss of overall height, and disability in severe cases. A hunchback, bulging stomach, shortness of breath, hip fracture, or gastrointestinal problems may indicate multiple fractures.
Dr. Feldman may order diagnostic tests such as x-rays, MRI scans, and bone scans to help determine and confirm the fracture.